Dr. Ruth Kleinpell is currently Assistant Dean for Clinical Scholarship, Independence Foundation Chair in Nursing Education, and Professor at Vanderbilt University School of Nursing in Nashville Tennessee, USA. She is an experienced critical care nurse and nurse practitioner, and is internationally known for her research related to acute care nurse practitioner roles in the ICU, outcomes after critical illness, and patient and family engagement in the ICU. She is a past president of the Society of Critical Care Medicine, the 3rd nurse to serve in this capacity in the 46 year history of the organization. She is past president of the World Federation of Critical Care Nurses, an international organization with over 40 country members representing over 500,000 critical care nurses worldwide. She is a Fellow in the American Academy of Nursing, the American College of Critical Care Medicine, the American Association of Nurse Practitioners, and the Institute of the Medicine of Chicago.